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What Types of Cognitive Therapy Are Common In Practice?

What is cognitive therapy?

Cognitive therapy is a treatment which focuses on how thoughts, beliefs and attitudes affect feelings and behaviour. Its purpose is to provide coping skills for dealing with different problems often related to anxiety and stress. Mental health awareness is a current focus in society today. Cognitive therapy is a successful method of treating mental health conditions.

Cognitive therapy is a process which helps you to examine how you think and act. Often referred to as talking therapy, it examines your thoughts and actions. This gives you a greater sense of self-awareness. It allows you to feel a greater sense of control thereby alleviating the symptoms.

In fact, there are different types of cognitive therapy to help support you.

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)

CBT is a therapy to divert thoughts away from a self-critical voice. The self-critical voice can be damaging, allowing negative thoughts to consume the sufferer. CBT looks at how you think about situations. This can affect the way that you react. If you interpret situations negatively then you might experience negative emotions. These negative feelings could make you behave in a certain way.

CBT helps to stop the cycle of negative thinking. With CBT you work with a therapist. It helps you to identify and challenge negative thinking patterns. This can change the way you feel about situations. This enables you to change how you react. In addition, CBT can be offered to individuals or in a group.

Cognitive analytical therapy (CAT)

CAT is another form of cognitive therapy. It combines cognitive behavioural therapy with psychodynamic therapy. CAT focuses on your current thoughts and feelings with your past experiences.

This aims to help you understand why you think and feel the way you do. As a result, you will learn how to change the things you want to in the present. CAT can treat a range of mental health problems. This includes emotional and relationship difficulties.

Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT)

DBT is another type of talking treatment. It is based on cognitive behavioural therapy. It was developed to help people who experience intense emotions. Rather than just recognise emotional triggers, DBT encourages you to change negative emotions.

DBT uses techniques to help you to learn effective ways of dealing with distress. They encourage you to replace harmful behaviours with ones that help you to build a positive outlook.

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT)

Mindfulness is designed to help you manage your mental health or simply gain more pleasure from life. It has its origins in Buddhism.

The aim is to focus on the present and to not dwell on past events. The focus is to be non-judgemental and positive. Mindfulness is about approaching your thoughts and feelings in a positive way. You learn to appreciate yourself, your body and your surroundings. It has been shown to be beneficial for mild depression. It can also help to alleviate anxiety.

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